Fighting in Syria continues to put pressure on the minority Christian population, leading to fears that more Syrians will join the many Christians who have already left the Middle East. Journalist Nasir Habish told Vatican Radio that Syria’s Christians are among those most affected by the conflict between rebel and government forces.
|Heavy destruction at the old souk in the City of Aleppo|
“The Syrian situation, right now, is very difficult, and I think in the future will be more difficult,” Habish said. “And I think the war will continue.” He said Christians are “running away from Syria right now,” with many refugees fleeing to Lebanon and most proceeding to Europe. “We don’t want to lose the Christianity in the Arab region,” he said. “This is the land of Jesus. I can’t imagine the land of Jesus without Christians.”
The United Nations has said that more than 60,000 people have died in the conflict. The latest fighting includes a repelled rebel attack around the Taftanaz airbase in the northwestern province of Idlib. Government forces are seeking to recapture the Damascus suburb of Daraya, which hundreds of rebel fighters have held for weeks. Pro-government newspapers report that the latest offensive on Daraya inflicted heavy losses on the rebels, the Associated Press says.
The uprising against President Bashar Assad began in March 2011. More than half a million Syrians have become refugees. The United States has been providing clandestine support for the rebels for months. On Dec. 11, President Barack Obama joined France and Britain in recognizing the rebel coalition, calling it “the legitimate representative of the Syrian people.”
The conflict has some sectarian aspects. Rebels tend to be Sunni Muslims, the majority religion in Syria. President Bashar’s government is mainly Alawite, a minority Muslim group. The government has support from some Sunnis and many religious minorities, including many Christians who make up only 10 percent of the population.
Many Christians in the region fear Syria will become another Iraq, where poor security after the U.S. invasion in 2003 has allowed militant Islamic groups to target Christians for intimidation, killings and kidnappings that helped drive hundreds of thousands of Christians out of the country.
Sister Agnes-Mariam de la Croix, mother superior of the Greek Catholic Monastery of St James the Mutilated in Syria, has charged that the Syrian uprising has been “hijacked by Islamist mercenaries who are more interested in fighting a holy war than in changing the government.”
She said the conflict has turned into “a sectarian conflict” in which Christians are “paying a high price,” the Daily Mail reports. She said at least 80,000 Christians have been forced from their homes in the Homs region. Over 300,000 Christian Syrians are believed to be refugees.
Sr. Agnes-Miriam, who is presently in Lebanon, said militants wearing the black bandanas of Al Qaeda laid siege to her monastery between Damascus and Homs for two days to try to prevent Christmas celebrations. She is a critic of Western support for the rebels, saying this supports “extremists” who want to create an Islamic state.
Some Christians support the rebels. Aya, a 51-year-old Christian artist from Aleppo who opposes the Syrian government, told the Associated Press that Christian silence in the face of the abuses of the Assad government could make them more vulnerable to reprisals.
“Many Christians think that this regime is good for us,” she said. “They think that if they keep quiet, Assad will stay, and protect us. But this is an illusion.” Aya herself fled to Beirut in October.
The plight of Syrian Christians is shared by many Christians throughout the Middle East. The British think tank Civitas in December released a report warning about violence against Christians in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.
It estimates that between half and two-thirds of Middle East Christians have left their homelands or have been killed in the past 100 years. “There is now a serious risk that Christianity will disappear from its biblical heartlands,” the report said. The fighting also threatens the ability of Syrians to feed themselves.
Archbishop Jacques Behnan Hindo of Hassaké-Nisibi sent separate appeals to the United Nations Organization for Food and Agriculture and to Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, warning that hundreds of thousands of Syrians in the region are at risk due to interrupted supply routes and looted grain silos. The archbishop told Fides news agency the humanitarian situation “could soon become catastrophic” in the Syrian region of Jazira, which is known for its high quality wheat.